As reported by Human Rights Watch

In 2021, Lebanon’s human rights situation deteriorated substantially. According to the UN, more than 80% of the country’s people lacked access to basic rights such as health, education, and an adequate standard of living, such as adequate housing and power. The World Bank has branded Lebanon’s crisis a “deliberate depression” due to mismanagement and a lack of effective policy measures by Lebanese leaders, putting it among the top three most devastating international financial crises since the mid-nineteenth century. Since October 2019, the Lebanese pound has lost 90% of its value, making it more difficult for citizens to get necessities such as food, water, health care, and education. Due to fuel shortages, there have been extensive power disruptions lasting up to 23 hours each day, putting substantial portions of the nation in the dark for several hours each day. As a result of the energy crisis, hospitals, schools, and bakeries have struggled to stay open. The Lebanese government has abolished or decreased subsidies on fuel, wheat, medicine, and other essential necessities, but it has failed to build an adequate social security policy to protect low-income people from the impact of sharp price rises. Communities on the periphery, such as refugees, people with disabilities, and migrant workers. No one has yet been held responsible for the cataclysmic explosion that occurred in Beirut’s harbor on August 4, 2020, killing at least 219 people and destroying half of the city. Security personnel used extreme, even fatal, force to quell protesters, frequently with impunity. Because of the antiquated nationality law and several religion-based personal status regulations, women experience systemic discrimination and violence. Although Lebanon has made sexual harassment a crime, the legislation falls short of international norms. On September 10, Prime Minister Najib Mikati established a government, putting an end to the 13-month stalemate.

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